To choose your mattress, you must take into account your physical complexion, how much you move when you sleep, if you tend to get hot at night, if you sleep with a partner or alone, among other things. But, are you clear about what types of mattresses there are and which one is the best according to your needs?
Don’t worry, in this article we explain all the classes that can be found on the market and we give you tips on how to choose the most suitable one.
Types of mattresses
To differentiate the types of mattresses, we must talk about the materials with which they are made:
The main characteristic of spring mattresses is that, by favoring ventilation, they do not accumulate moisture and are more breathable, so they are ideal for people who live in hot climates, very humid or who tend to feel hot when sleeping. Regarding its firmness, it varies according to the type of spring:
- Bonell or biconical springs. It was the first type of spring mattress to be marketed. They are individual springs with a narrow double cone shape in the center, but they are linked together with steel wires. They are of medium-low firmness.
- Continuous wire springs. The spring frame is made from a single metallic thread. This type of core is quite firm and does not have good independence from beds, so it is not recommended for double beds.
- Pocket springs. In this type, the springs are independent and, in addition, each of them is inside a cloth bag. They also give firmness to the core, but in this case, they do not transmit movement, so they have good adaptability and are a good option for beds that sleep two people.
Spring mattresses are not suitable for articulated bases and should not be used with slatted bases if the distance between them is greater than 5 cm. It is best to use them on solid bases such as couches or tatamis, so they do not deform.
They are usually the cheapest option and, therefore, the most popular mattresses. They go well with all types of bases, although it is more advisable to use them with those that favor ventilation, and they are suitable for articulated beds if they are soft. Its firmness depends on the density of the foam.
We can find different types of foams, although some are patented by mattress brands:
- HR foam. It is flexible and elastic high resilience polyurethane foam. It offers good support, it is firm, but at the same time not too hard. Its main disadvantage is that it is not very breathable, so it is convenient that it be profiled or micro-perforated to facilitate the evacuation of moisture.
- Eliocel foam. It is a high density and very firm foam.
- Own brand technical foams. Pikolin’s Bultex foam, for example, is a foam that offers good support while being adaptable and breathable, thanks to the fact that it is made up of millions of cells distributed in the form of a honeycomb. Or, the Airvex foam, from Flex, also characterized by its firmness and breathability.
Viscoelastic is actually a type of foam but, due to its very particular characteristics, it deserves to be discussed separately. It is an elastic and thermo-reactive material that reacts to body heat, properties that make it ergonomic, adaptable and resilient. It distributes the body weight well and relieves pressure points. It practically does not transmit movement, making it a good material for beds where two people sleep.
However, viscoelastic is always combined with another material that provides support in the core (otherwise the mattress would sink too much), so the characteristics such as firmness, breathability and durability of this type of mattress are not They only depend on the density, thickness and quality of it, but also on the other layers with which it is combined.
Keep in mind, however, that in order to enjoy the advantages of visco, this layer must be at least 3 cm.
Latex mattresses combine firmness with great adaptability, evenly distributing the weight of the body and avoiding pressure points. In addition, they do not transmit movement from one side of the bed to the other, so they are a good option for double beds and for people who move a lot when sleeping.
Being a very elastic material, it is suitable for articulated beds or bases with good ventilation such as slatted ones. On the other hand, it is not recommended to place it on closed bases (upholstered, tatami, etc.), since it is not a very breathable material. For the same reason, its use in hot and humid climates is also not advisable.
Latex can be natural or synthetic. It is considered natural latex when it is composed of at least 85% of Hevea Brasiliensis tree sap and the synthetic components used during the manufacturing process to shape it do not exceed 15%. Synthetic latex, on the other hand, is made from petroleum derivatives.
They are not usually cheap mattresses, although the price depends on the quality of the latex, the composition and the treatments that the mattress carries, among other things.
If you have ever heard of this type of mattress, you should know that they are nothing more than mattresses that combine different materials, such as mattresses with a pocket spring core and viscoelastic comfort layers, which are very common on the market.
Other types of mattresses
Smart mattresses. Smart mattresses incorporate sensors and measurement systems that monitor and record parameters such as weight, size, what position you sleep in, how much you move, your body temperature, among other things. And, with this data, they activate or deactivate functions such as thermo-adaptation, vibration systems, air chambers, etc., in order to improve the conditions of your rest.
Orthopedic mattresses. They are designed for people who have to spend a lot of time in bed and are usually recommended by a doctor.
Parts that make up a mattress
- Nucleus. It is the thickest layer and the support of the mattress. It largely influences its firmness and is one of the most determining factors of its durability.
- Encapsulation and cushioning layer (only in spring mattresses). Spring mattresses have a foam box that completely surrounds the core or, in lower range mattresses, only on the sides, whose purpose is to prevent the oscillation of the springs and isolate them, to give the mattress more stability and also prolong its useful life. In addition to this, they also have layers of cushioning foam that attenuate the firmness of the core.
- Comfort layers. As their name already tells us, they are above the core and more in contact with the body, they are the ones that provide the feeling of welcome when lying on the mattress and adaptability.
- Sheath. The outermost part of the mattress and the one that protects the inner layers. Ideally, the cover should be removable so that it can be washed and thus maintain the hygiene of the mattress. Also, we recommend that, as far as possible, it be made of organic materials.
- Plataband. They are the sides of the mattress upholstery and prevent the mattress from sinking when you sit on the edge. It is advisable that it be made of a breathable fabric that favors the ventilation of the mattress.
What is the best type of mattress?
There is no single answer to this question and the best type of mattress is the one that best suits each person. For this, it is necessary to take into account, on the one hand, specific aspects of the mattress and, on the other, which characteristics are the most suitable according to the needs of each sleeper.
However, it is true that there are superior quality mattresses such as natural latex mattresses that are usually a safe bet.
What type of mattress do I need?
When choosing a mattress, it is convenient that you take into account the following aspects:
Complexion. The most robust people need a firmer mattress to avoid sinking too much and, the thin ones, one of medium-low firmness, so that they do not find it too hard. In both cases it is about keeping the spine well aligned.
Sleeping posture and movements. If you sleep on your stomach you can look for a lower firmness, if you sleep on your side, this can be medium and if, on the other hand, you sleep on your back, it will be more appropriate for you to choose a higher firmness. If you move around a lot when you sleep, it is a good idea to look for a mattress with good adaptability and medium to high firmness so that you can turn around easily, without interrupting your rest.
Thermal sensation. If you are hot or live in a hot climate, the ideal is that you choose a pocket spring mattress. If it has a viscoelastic layer, make sure it has thermoregulatory gel. If you are cold, latex mattresses, normal viscoelastic mattresses, viscogrefen mattresses, foam mattresses or those with a winter side, which are usually warmer, will be better for you.
Single bed or does it sleep two? If you sleep accompanied, it is convenient that you choose a mattress with good independence of beds, mainly if there is a big difference in weight between the two or one moves a lot when sleeping.
allergies. Allergy sufferers should check that the mattress is anti-allergic and anti-mite. Latex is an anti-mite material, so it will be a good option for them, as long as they are not allergic to this material.
If you are still not clear about what type of mattress is for you, you can use our calculator so that we can recommend which one will be the best:
What is the best mattress for back pain?
There is a popular belief that if you suffer from back pain, you have to sleep on a very firm (hard) mattress. Well, she’s misguided. In studies done with patients with low back pain, the results showed a more favorable evolution in pain and disability in those subjects who were provided with a medium-firm mattress.
So if you have back pain, medium-firm mattresses with pocket springs with viscoelastic, memory foam with HR foam core or latex may be good for you.
How do I know what type of mattress I have?
If you don’t know what type of mattress you have, you can check to see if it still has the label. In it you have to indicate the material of the core and the layers, and offer maintenance instructions (how to clean it, if it has to be turned, etc.).
There are also other tricks like, if the top layer is visco, when you plunge your hand into it, the shape will remain for a moment before recovering.
When looking for a mattress, it is convenient not to get carried away by marketing and, instead, look for the one that has the characteristics that best suit our needs. And it is not a bad idea to choose a model that offers a trial period, to be able to sleep on it for a few nights and really make sure that it provides us with the comfort we need to have a good rest.